Genghis Khan

In article 48 of what is believed to be the world's first constitution, Genghis Khan banned homosexuality. It stated that 'men committing sodomy shall be put to death.'

Researchers have republished Genghis Khan's code of laws, which banned homosexuality. "Genghis Khan's Code," published by the Beijing-based Commercial Press, contains Chinese and English versions of the code as well as interpretations of the laws based on research findings.

Experts of Inner Mongolia's research institute of ancient Mongolian laws spent 14 months compiling the code.

Experts say this was because Genghis Khan wanted to expand the Mongolian population, which was about 1.5 million, compared with 100 million Chinese in the Song Dynasty (960-1279).

Researchers found that Genghis Khan's code of laws also highlighted environment protection.

The code stipulated that the death penalty was applied to those found guilty of damaging grassland with unauthorized excavations or fire. It also prohibited hand washing or drowning people in rivers.

Reproduction of the code was based on research findings by the experts, who referred to literature from Mongolian history, as well as other classics including Marco Polo's travelogue.

The original text was lost more than 600 years ago.

Genghis Khan, whose grandson Kublai Khan founded the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), unified Mongol tribes and conquered most of Eurasia.

Source: IOL

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